Wed Aug 17, 2022 21:12:27
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Stressed in the final statement of the Sixth Summit of the Caspian Sea Littoral States;

Emphasis of the Presidents of the littoral states on non-presence of foreign armed forces in the Caspian Sea/ Strengthening cooperation of neighbouring countries in the fields of technology, economy and energy

The Sixth Summit of the Caspian Sea Littoral States concluded with the issuance of a final statement containing the most important issues of the five-party cooperation of mutual interest.

news id: 137654 -

Thu 30 - June 2022 - 10:56

The statement noted that the leaders of Iran, Turkmenistan, Russia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan discussed the most important issues of the five-party cooperation in the Caspian Sea, as well as the crucial regional and international issues of mutual interest, in a friendly and trusting atmosphere. The statement reads, "Presidents stressed the importance of the decisions of the Caspian summits in Ashgabat (2002), Tehran (2007), Baku (2010), Astrakhan (2014) and Aktau (2018) and the need for their effective implementation.
The Presidents stressed the importance of signing the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea dated 12 August 2018.
The Presidents reaffirmed their commitment to the principles and standards of the UN Charter and international law, given the growing role of the Caspian Sea region in the world, expressed readiness to maintain regional security and stability, strengthen mutually beneficial economic cooperation, ensure environmental security, develop cultural, humanitarian and scientific relations and other collaborations.
The Presidents reaffirmed that the activities of the littoral states in the Caspian Sea will be carried out on the basis of the 17 principles, including: 1- respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, independence, sovereign equality of states, non-use of force or threat of force, mutual respect, cooperation, non-interference in each other's internal affairs; 2- the use of the Caspian Sea for peaceful purposes, turning it into a zone peace, good neighbourliness, friendship and cooperation, resolution of all issues related to the Caspian Sea through peaceful means; 3- ensuring security and stability in the Caspian Sea region, 4- ensuring a stable balance of weapons of the littoral states in the Caspian Sea and developing military capabilities within reasonable limits according to the interests of all littoral states, without undermining each other's security, 5- non-presence of armed forces that do not belong to the littoral states; 6- non-provision by any coastal state of its territory to other states for the commission of aggression and other hostilities against any of the coastal states; 7- implementation of norms and regulations agreed by all members regarding the reproduction and regulation of the use of common living water resources, the responsibility of the polluting coastal country for the damage to the Caspian Sea ecosystem; and 8- protection of the Caspian Sea ecosystem, protection, revitalisation and reasonable use of its living resources.
According to the statement, the priority task of the Caspian negotiation process is to agree as soon as possible on a draft agreement on the method of determining direct lines of origin in the Caspian Sea within a five-party framework.
The presidents expressed satisfaction with the process of forming the legal basis for cooperation between the Caspian Sea littoral states and stressed the need to continue working in this direction.
The Presidents stressed the importance of accelerating the process of agreeing on the draft of the current five-party document in order to develop the legal basis for cooperation in the Caspian Sea, as well as to continue consultations on issues related to the implementation of previously signed agreements.
According to the final statement, the presidents are of the same opinion that one of the important tasks of the Caspian Sea littoral states at the current stage is the increasing coherence of efforts to prevent health and epidemiological emergencies and respond to the spread of infectious diseases. In this regard, it was stated with satisfaction that the Caspian Sea littoral states express solidarity in the difficult conditions caused by the coronavirus pandemic.
Also considering the importance of strengthening economic and technological relations between the Caspian Sea littoral states, referring to the first Caspian Economic Conference held in Turkmenbashi on August 11-12, 2019, which laid an important platform for studying economic issues with the broad participation of governments, international institutions, trade circles and scientific communities, the proposal to hold the second Caspian Economic Conference in the Russian Federation was supported by members.
The presidents reaffirmed their interest in expanding the Caspian Sea littoral states' engagement in the energy sector.
The Presidents welcomed the entry into force of the Agreement on Cooperation between the Governments of the Caspian States in the field of transportation concluded on August 12, 2018 in Aktau.
The Presidents noted that the Caspian Sea is a sea of peace, agreement, good neighbourliness and fruitful international cooperation, and stressed the importance of military interaction in the Caspian Sea.
The members pointed out that the regular holding of the Caspian Summit provides the possibility of setting priorities for cooperation in the Caspian Sea, regional development and developing common approaches to achieve the desired goals, and supported the regular holding of these meetings and appreciated the holding of the Ashgabat Summit at the high level, and agreed to hold the seventh Caspian Summit in the Islamic Republic of Iran at the agreed time.

news id: 137654

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